The Project Expo displays innovative adaptation projects from a diverging range of countries. In selecting the projects, it was recognised that the focus should not only be on success stories: one should also acknowledge components that could be improved, and lessons that can be learnt for future similar projects. Most importantly, the selected projects are considered innovative, inspiring adaptation solutions, which could prove examples for future adaptation approaches.
Pavilion Cities and infrastructure
National capital integrated coastal development in Jakarta, Indonesia (NCICD)
Dutch water sector consortium led by Witteveen+Bos
The NCICD involves the protection of Jakarta’s 10 million inhabitants and sustainable economic development by challenging the permanent flooding facing the area. The programme is ‘giant’ in all aspects: Not only a ‘giant’ sea wall needs to be constructed (over 35 km long, in waters of over 15 meters depth), but water sanitation also needs to be implemented in a metropolitan area that is already struggling with rapid urbanization on a massive scale. In the short term several thousands of households near the current sea wall and adjacent river embankments need to be resettled to allow construction of the short term flood defences - not an easy task in an already overpopulated city. Moreover there is a wide range of issues which will have to be addressed, like the future of the fishing communities and fishing ports, the main port Tanjung Priok (Indonesia’s largest port), the three power stations on the current coastline and the protected mangrove sites. A Programme Management Unit (PMU) will be established for swift and effective implementation of NCICD.
Polish-Dutch Cooperation on Climate Adaptation
Dutch water sector consortium led by KuiperCompagnons
Poland faces significant challenges as a consequence of climate change. During recent years Polish-Dutch cooperation has been established, exchanging knowledge and experience with the objective to create climate adaptive Polish cities. In this cooperation with several cities, an interactive process has been adopted that connects local governments, universities and companies, with Dutch experts. The interdisciplinary approach integrated three perspectives of urban climate resilience:
Seasonal wind predictions for the energy sector: project UKKO
EUPORIAS.EU, an FP7 project
Ukko is an innovative climate service for wind energy that breaks new ground by attempting to improve society’s resilience to climate change. It combines cutting edge climate science and data design to communicate forecasts over months and seasons: Understanding future wind conditions is a crucial enabler for clean energy and climate change resilience. Which regions might experience unusual changes in wind activity in the coming months? Come and try out the Ukko’s application. Explore the data and find out what Ukko’s models can tell you.
Nature Based Solutions success stories
The European Union Research and Innovation policy agenda on Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities aims to position the EU as a leader in ‘Innovating with nature’ for more sustainable and resilient societies. We define nature-based solutions to societal challenges as inspired or supported by nature, cost-effective, providing environmental, social and economic benefits and helping to build resilience. Discover with EU-funded projects how we address environmental challenges and provide economic opportunities by re-naturing cities.
Climate Services: transitioning to a climate resilient society
In order to foster informed decisions on appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies, users - businesses, administrations and citizens - need services able to translate the existing wealth of climate data and information to customised tools, products and information; namely ‘climate services’. These will trigger a more systemic approach to risk management and lead to climate-smart decisions. Developing markets for climate services will make the EU a world leader in this sector and contribute to wealth and job creation. Discover how the European Union supports the nascent market for climate services.
Country level impacts of climate change (CLICC)
Global Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA)
There is currently no international process for consistent communication of information on climate change vulnerability and impacts at the national level. This could aid global understanding of national impacts and better inform adaptation action. Assessment methodologies are diverse and studies are presented in many different ways. Greater consistency in the assessment and communication of climate impacts and vulnerabilities at a country level is both possible and desirable. CLICC – County Level Impacts of Climate Change – will address this. In a recent pilot six countries have gathered information on impacts in certain sectors on confidence and data quality, and will use a common rating. The first results will be available at AF2016.
Pavilion Food, forestry and rural livelihoods
Climate smart business models in India: experiences from CCAFS
Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Denmark
Alterra, Wageningen UR, the Netherlands
Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an integrated approach to increase farmers’ resilience and achieve food security in the face of climate change, while also contributing to mitigation. Since its emergence, farmers have successfully adopted CSA, which usually includes sustainable agricultural land management practices such as conservation tillage, agroforestry, but also early warning systems and crop insurances. Currently much attention is directed towards up and out-scaling successful CSA practices. Alterra, Wageningen UR participates in a CCAFS project that focuses on climate smart business development. Alterra explores opportunities that link both farmers’ needs and climate smart farm products to private sector interests. New business models for e.g. Land Laser Levelling technology, baby corn, and other added value products are being developed for the Indian regions Haryana and Punjab.
Innovative weather censoring and information services for cocoa farmers in Ghana
Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
The aim of this project is to improve access to reliable information from water and weather forecasts for cocoa farmers. The project uses data from on-the-ground monitoring stations as well as satellite data. The objective is to help farmers better manage their crops by deploying accurate audio weather forecasts in local languages on their mobile phones. Twaterhe sensors are low-cost weathers station combined with mobile information services. The demonstration will present pictures of weather stations on the field and sample audio weather messages.
Adaptation without borders: indirect impacts of climate change
Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden
Efforts to measure vulnerability to climate change focus on direct climate change impacts, occurring within a country’s borders. Yet in reality, the world is more complex. Countries rely on global markets for access to critical resources. People, species and resources cross borders at an increasing rate and intensity. And all countries are affected by stability and growth in their neighbouring and partner countries around the world. This project developed a framework for analysing indirect climate change impacts via four pathways: trade, finance, people and biophysical, and built an Index of Exposure based on that framework.
Adaptation case studies on agriculture
BASE-ADAPTATION.EU, an FP7 project
The EU funded research project, BASE, supports action for sustainable climate change adaptation in Europe. The chief aim of the project is to improve the knowledge base on adaptation by making this information meaningful, transferable and easily accessible to decision-makers at all levels. At Adaptation Futures, the project will present its case studies on agriculture.
Tackling climate change in developing countries: case studies from the Gambia and Papua New Guinea
European Union Global Climate Change Alliance Plus Programme (GCCA+)
Supporting developing countries to respond to climate change
The Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+) is a seven-year flagship programme of the European Union (2014 – 2020) to help the world’s poorest and most vulnerable places tackle climate change. With its budget of around €350 million, the GCCA+ provides financial, technical and policy support to the group of Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries struggling, to cope with extreme weather events, rising sea levels and other consequences of climate change. GCCA+ will present two documentaries: on climate change adaptation in the Gambia, and on forest and biodiversity in Papua New Guinea.
Climate impacts research capacity and leadership enhancement (CIRCLE)
Department for International Development (DFID)
Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU)
CIRCLE is an initiative of the Department for International Development (DFID) of the United Kingdom to develop the skills and research output of early career African researchers in the field of climate change and its local impacts on development. It will fund 100 one-year fellowships over three years. All the fellowships will be hosted by an African university or research institution. The programme works closely with the participating institutions to strengthen their support systems for researchers and their strategic approach to climate change research. CIRCLE is managed by the Association of Commonwealth Universities in association with the African Academy of Science, Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, and Vitae.
Pavilion Fresh water availability and access
Alternative Regulatory Pathways for Innovative Onsite Wastewater Technologies
Water Technology Acceleration Project (WaterTAP), Canada
Failing or degraded onsite wastewater systems pose a great threat to groundwater and surface water quality. However, newer innovative onsite wastewater solutions are not always easy to implement. For example, adopting new technologies in some jurisdictions can be difficult, due to onerous government approval pathways for onsite wastewater solutions that do not fall within traditional specifications. This poster presentation will highlight two ways in which regulators can streamline approval processes to mobilise and create opportunity for innovative technologies. This work is part of WaterTAP’s wider policy transformation and education initiative, which is examining global approaches and best practices encompassing the review and approval of new treatment technologies.
Water resources: planning through climate change capacity building: Rios del Páramo al Valle, por urbes y campinas
Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden
Colombia’s accelerated urbanisation and expansion of agro-industrial areas can be expected to exert long-term impacts on water resources, especially considering climate change’s effect on water availability. This project aimed to support governance, planning and management decision-making in two ways: through quantitative water modelling informed by participatory processes, and by building capacity for water resources management and support climate change adaptation for three watersheds in Colombia: Rio La Vieja-Otún, Alto Magdalena and Magdalena Cauca. The approach chosen, ‘robust decision support’, directly engages stakeholders in defining the problems to be examined, identifying potential solutions, and analysing the model results.
Pavilion Ecosystems and ecosystem based adaptation
Building with nature: coastal protection in Suriname
Conservation International Suriname (CIS)
The main objective of this initiative is to mitigate coastal erosion through the application of wave breaking and sediment trapping, thereby promoting the rehabilitation of the mangrove ecosystem at ‘Weg naar Zee’ resort, about 10 kilometres north of Paramaribo, Suriname. This area is dealing with frequent inundation, following from the rising sea level and mangrove forests loss. The local community, the local fisheries, the farmers and two important religious and cultural sites, are being endangered by the intrusion of the sea water. This project is inspired by and based on Wetland International’s Building with Nature program, and is a collaboration between Conservation International Suriname (CIS), Anton de Kom University of Suriname, the Ministry of Public Works, and the embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Building with nature Indonesia: reaching scale for coastal resilience
Building with Nature Indonesia aims to build stable coastlines with reduced erosion risk through a unique integration of mangrove restoration, small scale hard-engineering, and sustainable land use. In doing so we enhance coastal security for 70.000 vulnerable people by avoiding further coastal flooding and erosion in Central Java, and provide them with a long term perspective for sustainable economic development.
Understanding responses to simultaneously and sequentially occurring abiotic stresses typical of climate change in rice and arabidopsis
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Climate change will increase ambient temperatures and is predicted to cause higher occurrence of floods and droughts. These weather events severely affect the productivity of crops. In this project, we investigate the mechanistic basis of tolerance in plants to multiple stresses that occur simultaneously (high temperature and drought) and sequentially (drought following flooding). We will identify and study the plant traits, genes and molecular processes that mediate tolerance to these stresses in the crop plant rice and the model plant Arabidopsis. This knowledge is essential to generating multi-stress-tolerant crops that can yield well in a changing climate.
Mangroves and markets: climate adaptation in the Vietnamese aquaculture sector
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation
Shrimp aquaculture is the leading driver of deforestation in Vietnam’s mangrove deltas, which provide an essential ecosystem, tidal barrier and critical carbon sink. In alliance with shrimp importers, traders, and over 5.000 farmers, the Mangroves and Markets project has integrated ecologically sound shrimp aquaculture with the mangrove environment to restore mangrove forests, introduced certified organic shrimp farming, connected shrimp farmers with international markets, and supported the legal basis for the establishment of aquaculture Payment Ecosystem Services (PES) in Vietnam. To date the project has trained 2,000 farmer households on mangrove ecosystem, and implemented international Naturland organic shrimp certification, and organic shrimp farming practices. Payment for Forest Ecosystem Services (PFES) have also been introduced and an inclusive business deal with Minh Phu Seafood company has resulted in a 10% price premium for organic shrimp supplied. 80 hectares of mangrove forest have already been replanted on devastated shrimp ponds. MAM is a regional initiative which is implemented in the coastal provinces of Ca Mau, Vietnam and Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Pavilion Disaster risk reduction
Banger polder pilot in Semarang: Dutch solution for daily flooding
Municipality of Semarang, Indonesia
In order to stop the daily flooding of the low levelled urbanized Delta’s, a pilot to create and operate a polder according to Dutch design was started in Semarang. This pilot was developed in close cooperation between the various Indonesian and Dutch governmental levels from Ministry to Municipality, and a Dutch Regional Water Authority. Next to the technical design of the pilot Polder, assigned to the area drained by the Banger river in Semarang, the objective of the project was to arrange sustainable maintenance and operation of the polder, and collect a part of the costs of future water management.
Living along the Tullahan river: How communities in Malabon and Valenzuela deal with increased flood risks
Partners for Resilience (PfR), the Netherlands
Five Dutch agencies, CARE Nederland, Cordaid, the Netherlands Red Cross, the Red Cross Climate Centre, and Wetlands International, work together in the Partners for Resilience (PfR) Alliance. PfR aims at strengthening “the resilience and livelihoods of vulnerable communities, connecting this to government priorities and investments, and supporting economic growth that is inclusive and sustainable”. During the previous programme phase (2011-2015), PfR’s work on integrated risk management combined disaster risk reduction, climate adaptation and ecosystem management and restoration. During this phase (2016–2020) the programme moves from project implementation towards building capacity for humanitarian dialogue, partnerships and knowledge. The showed project illustrates the PfR programme in Metro Manila: in two cities (Malabon and Valenzuela) PfR demonstrated the integrated risk management approach.
Designing for Resilience
Rebuild by Design in Partnership with 100 Resilient Cities
In the aftermath of what was one of the worst and costliest storms to hit the American Northeast region, Rebuild by Design was formed as a way to bring governments and communities together with designers to imagine innovative ways to help safeguard our future against the consequences of climate change.
Its unique structure enables collaborative research, design, and implementation of interdisciplinary projects that address multiple needs. Rebuild by Design is now partnering with 100 Resilient Cities to bring the best-in-class design and research-driven processes to member cities to ensure their long-term resilience. This partnership is leveraging Rebuild by Design’s successful rebuilding, recovery, and resilience approach, which incorporates experienced design and sustainability experts with community members and stakeholders when working to address the resilience challenges of 100RC member cities.
Protecting coastal chars in Bangladesh from climate change: Role of char development and settlement project- IV (Forest Component)
Char Development and Settlement Project Phase IV (CDSP IV)
The People of coastal regions in Bangladesh are faced climate induced hazards and in some cases landslides have had an enormous impact, claiming lives, eroding assets and constraining life and traditional livelihoods. The Forest Department is implementing a part of this project to protect life and livelihoods of coastal communities in partnership with both the Dutch and Bangladeshi government, and IFAD. Through this project we are establishing a coastal green belt through mangrove plantation in the Noakhali area of Bangladesh. This project is also producing fire wood with a social forestry program, which both enhances the livelihoods and reduces the dependency on natural forest.
The Hydro Climate Strategy Riga project
European Union LIFE Programme
Climate change models predict an increased risk of flooding in northern Europe. The HydroClimateStrategyRiga project helps the Latvian capital Riga develop a flood risk management plan. Funded through the EU's LIFE programme, the project produced maps, models and guidance that allow the Riga City Council to plan measures for safeguarding the city against flooding. The LIFE programme for the environment and climate action provides funding for climate change adaptation projects tackling possible threats and extreme events, and setting up measures that promote resilient communities, safeguard natural resources, and foster adaptive technologies for economic sectors vulnerable to climate change.